The Logical Framework Approach (LFA) was developed in the 1960’s by US Agency for International Development to improve its project planning and evaluation and has since been adopted by most multilateral and bilateral development agencies. It provides a set of steps and tools to aid thinking about best approach to projects. As such the process and associated learning is just as important as the output from each step.
The benefits of the LFA approach are:
- It places a strong emphasis on stakeholder engagement.
- It requires systematic analysing of a problem including identify the cause and effect relationships.
- It provides logical linkage between the way the project is delivered and the outcome it seeks to achieve.
- It places the project in the wider development context.
- It encourages examination of risks and stimulates accountability for the result.
- It requires analysis of how to measure the achievement of the objectives.
The workshop sessions will use active learning methods to engage all the delegates in the learning process. These include:
- Individual exercises and self-evaluation quizzes.
- Small group brainstorming sessions “buzz groups”.
- Case study syndicate exercises using a course project.
- Formal team presentations of the team plans for peer review by the course group and tutors
At the end of the course delegates will be able to apply the LFA framework including:
- Understand the philosophy behaving the LFA framework, its strengths and weaknesses
- Describing the overall process for analysis and planning of projects
- The tools in the analysis phase including:
- Stakeholder analysis
- Problem analysis
- Objectives analysis
- Strategy analysis
- Tools for the planning phase including:
- Logical framework matrix
- Activity scheduling
- Resources scheduling
- In addition this course will cover the project delivery controls not in the LFA framework including:
- Control the delivery of the project using simple but effective progress review.
- Control changes within the project to increase the chances of project success.
- Use project management start up to develop an effective project team.
1. Course introduction
An introduction to the course learning objectives and structure. Delegate introductions and discussion of their individual needs, the skills they bring to the group and ideals for improving project delivery within their team.
2. Introduction to Logical Framework Approach
The LFA provides a step by step guide to planning development projects. In this session we will examine the overall structure of the LFA and the benefits of adopting a structured approach to projects.
3. Analysis Stage: Understanding the Current Situation
A successful project needs a good understanding of the current situation if it is to deliver successful. The LFA framework has a number of tools to help, understand the background to the project. These include:
- Stakeholder analysis
- SWOT analysis
- Venn diagrams
- Spider diagrams
In this session we will review these tools and apply them to case study project to get a better understanding of the current situation.
Syndicate Exercise: Analysis of the current situation using tools from the LFA.
4. Analysis Stage: Problem and Objectives Analysis
Problem analysis is about understanding the root causes and the effects of a problem and objective analysis is identifying what opportunities exist of overcome these problems. By understanding the underlying root causes then we can identify actions to address these root causes. Again the process is as important as the output. In this session we look at the application of problem analysis to a typical project.
Syndicate Exercise: Problem Analysis for a case study project.
5. Analysis Stage: Analysis of Strategies
Based in a detailed understanding of the current situation and the objectives for the project we can decide on the most appropriate strategy to follow. The selection of the most appropriate approach can be based on clearly define criteria such as effectiveness, feasibility, cost and/or environmental impact.
Syndicate Exercise: Complete an analysis of the most appropriate strategy for a case study project
6. Planning Stage
The first stage of planning is to complete a Logframe matrix. This documents the objectives, purpose, results and activities required for the project, and how these will be measures and verified. Finally the Logframe captures the assumptions. It provides a logical link between the activities in the project and the overall objective. In this session se look at the process of preparing and presenting a Logframe matrix.
Syndicate Exercise: Complete a Logframe matrix for a case study project.
7. Developing the Project Schedule.
Understanding the dependencies between the delivery of different work packages and teams at an early stage is vital to the smooth delivery of projects. The precedence diagram is the method to develop these linkages between activities, work packages and teams. We will explore a range of linking relationship available to develop a fair representation of the work plan. This session includes:
- Development and use of the precedence diagram.
- Typical dependencies including finish-start, start- start, finish-finish.
- The use of leads and lags.
- Critical path.
Syndicate Exercise: defining the project schedules for a case study or real delegate project.
8. Risk Management
All projects involve risk and so understanding and planning appropriate mitigation strategies early in the process can significantly reduce the chances of project delay and overspend. In this session we will apply the principles of project risk management.
Syndicate Exercise: defining the project schedules for a case study or real delegate project
9. Project control, reporting and change control
Successful project execution requires regular communications to ensure any issues are identified early and action is taken to keep the project on track. This requires simple but effective reporting and a rigorous control of change. In this session we will look at case studies which have suffered from poor change control and report and evaluate how these have affected the project outcomes.
10. Project team development
“People deliver projects”. In this session we will look at how the project management processes can be used to engage team members and build commitment to the planned changes.
11. Self-reflection and action planning
The final session includes the presentation of the plans prepared in syndicate exercises for peer review by the group, followed by individual action planning to define the next steps to apply what has been learned in the course in the workplace.
Individual Exercise: Planning next steps in the work place
Delegates will be automatically registered on the Parallel community of practice, where they can join others who have been part of the programme, share experiences and develop their knowledge through the forum for as long as they want.