List and describe five phases in extended lifecycle and products of each phase

Home Forums APM PMQ Study Group List and describe five phases in extended lifecycle and products of each phase

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    Marwa Abdalla
    1. Concept

    2. Definition

    3. Development

    4. Handing over and closure

    5. Benefits Realisation

    1. Concept is the first phase in the project life cycle. It includes the development
      and approval of the business case. During concept stage, Initial ideas about
      the project are developed, different options are reviewed in order to provide
      solutions to the problems and opportunities for which the project is required. This
      phase is important
      as it usually ends with gate review which approves
      the preferred option and determines the viability of the project. For
      , project is required to provide solutions for the crossing of a
      river Different options were studied such as new bridge, new tunnel, use ferry,
      or cable cars, preferred option is building a new bridge.

    2. Definition is the second phase in project
      life cycle at which the preferred option agreed in the earlier phase will be
      developed as a project. That is an important phase as it includes
      definitions to the procedures and tools that will be used during the products
      development. For example, Definition phase includes the development
      of the Project Management Plan (PMP) and all its component plans such as configuration
      Management plan, Risk management …etc.

    3. Development is the third phase in the project
      life cycle during which project team are following the procedures defined in
      the PMP in order to produce and deliver the products defined in the same
      documents. This phase includes several stage reviews in order to enable monitoring
      the work progress. This phase is important since by its end products
      / deliverables are ready to be delivered to the Client. For example,
      development phase for the river crossing project will include the activities to
      complete the construction of the bridge.

    4. Hand over and closure is the phase during which final
      product will be commissioned and handed over to the end users. If everything
      goes right
      , then the sponsor will sign the approval on behalf of the
      end users. During this phase Project closure is announced, PACs and FACs are
      released, and project team members are disbanded. An example for handing
      over and closure process is the demobilisation of the construction team from
      site and the commissioning of the bridge crossing the river.

    5. Benefits Realisation phase follows the completion of
      the project. Sponsor is responsible for the benefits realisation together with
      the end users. Products should be operated in a manner that brings change and
      improvement to Business as usual activities and should fit in purpose. This
      phase is important as it determines whether the actual benefits desired from
      the project are achieved or not. For example, the bridge crossing
      the river is not designed to carry heavy trucks and hence, will not allow the
      mobilisation of the machinery to the other side of the river where new
      development is about to be constructed in other words there is noticed deficiency
      in the achieved benefits from the project.

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