- 24th November 2015 at 10:35 #14736
Handing over and closure
Concept is the first phase in the project life cycle. It includes the development
and approval of the business case. During concept stage, Initial ideas about
the project are developed, different options are reviewed in order to provide
solutions to the problems and opportunities for which the project is required. This
phase is important as it usually ends with gate review which approves
the preferred option and determines the viability of the project. For
example, project is required to provide solutions for the crossing of a
river Different options were studied such as new bridge, new tunnel, use ferry,
or cable cars, preferred option is building a new bridge.
Definition is the second phase in project
life cycle at which the preferred option agreed in the earlier phase will be
developed as a project. That is an important phase as it includes
definitions to the procedures and tools that will be used during the products
development. For example, Definition phase includes the development
of the Project Management Plan (PMP) and all its component plans such as configuration
Management plan, Risk management …etc.
Development is the third phase in the project
life cycle during which project team are following the procedures defined in
the PMP in order to produce and deliver the products defined in the same
documents. This phase includes several stage reviews in order to enable monitoring
the work progress. This phase is important since by its end products
/ deliverables are ready to be delivered to the Client. For example,
development phase for the river crossing project will include the activities to
complete the construction of the bridge.
Hand over and closure is the phase during which final
product will be commissioned and handed over to the end users. If everything
goes right, then the sponsor will sign the approval on behalf of the
end users. During this phase Project closure is announced, PACs and FACs are
released, and project team members are disbanded. An example for handing
over and closure process is the demobilisation of the construction team from
site and the commissioning of the bridge crossing the river.
Benefits Realisation phase follows the completion of
the project. Sponsor is responsible for the benefits realisation together with
the end users. Products should be operated in a manner that brings change and
improvement to Business as usual activities and should fit in purpose. This
phase is important as it determines whether the actual benefits desired from
the project are achieved or not. For example, the bridge crossing
the river is not designed to carry heavy trucks and hence, will not allow the
mobilisation of the machinery to the other side of the river where new
development is about to be constructed in other words there is noticed deficiency
in the achieved benefits from the project.
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