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Many people want to understand the differences between project management methodologies and approaches and determine which would be best for their organisation and for their career. The main approaches in use around the world are PRINCE2 and those based on the APM BOK and PMI BOK. Although strictly PRINCE2 is a methodology with standard templates, processes and role and responsibilities and the APM and PMI bodies of knowledge are guides to the skills and competencies a project manager needs to know and use when managing a project.
The Project Management Institute (PMI)
- integration management
- scope management
- time management
- cost management
- quality management
- human resource management
- communications management
- risk management
- procurement management
PMI Project Management Qualifications
The PMI have two levels of project manager qualification CAPM and PMP (they also have several others for programme managers etc). The CAPM is mostly aimed at project team members, while PMP Certification is targeted at experienced project managers. The requirements for PMP certification are three or five years of experience (with or without a degree) and 35 hours of project management training. This training can come from a number of sources including an internal training course, a PMI recognised REP or distance learning with a certificate at the end.
Association for Project Management in the UK
The APM BOK (Association for Project Management Body of Knowledge) is sponsored by the UK association for Project Management (www.apm.org.uk); it is less comprehensive than the PMI BOK and refers to many different references to give a comprehensive overview of project management.
Projects IN Controlled Environments (PRINCE2) is a true project management method, which has become the defacto standard for many UK government projects. It covers the management, control and organisation of a project. It defines the templates and processes to manage a project. It has 8 processes (containing a total of 45 separate sub-processes) as follows:
• Starting Up a Project (SU)
• Planning (PL)
• Initiating a Project (IP)
• Directing a Project (DP)
• Controlling a Stage (CS)
• Managing Product Delivery (MP)
• Managing Stage Boundaries (SB)
• Closing a Project (CP)
PRINCE2 is available as a foundation or practitioner qualification. The foundation is ideal for those who want an appreciation of the PRINCE2 method while the practitioner qualification is targeted at project managers.
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