is meant by the term Project Scope (10 Marks):-
scope is all the products produced, and all of the work required to produce the
products, the outcomes, and the benefits derived from the use of the products.
of suitably labelled diagrams where appropriate explain four aspects of
defining a Project’s scope (40 Marks):-
Scope starts to be defined during the
concept phase where the benefits are determined in the Business Case, and then the
further defined during the Definitions stage and recorded in the PMP. It is defined through requirements capture
and analysis by liaising with the users and stakeholders. During this stage it
should be ensured that the scope in the PMP is fully aligned with the Business
Case. Scope detailed can be further defined
during the Development phase, until the Products that will be produced are
provide a detailed hierarchical representation of all of the Products, and the hierarchical
representation of the work required to produce the Products is produced as a
Work Breakdown Structure. The Products within the Product Break down Structure
are put under Configuration Control, and documented as part of the configuration
freezes at certain stages of the development to ensure stability of latest
versions and therefore prevent too much uncertainty and costly re-work. For example for an engineering project the architectural
design will be frozen with no further changes authorised to that part of the
design, which would be checked to ensure that he design is in line with the
agreed Requirements and is therefore inside the scope of the project, before proceeding to the next detailed design phase.
assessed as the project progresses utilising the implementation of a Change
Control process to ensure that uncontrolled changes are not introduced, and to
prevent scope creep. This will involve ensuring that Changes are formally
requested, and analysed with any additional time, cost, and quality impact to
the inter-related products understood.
Changes must then be agreed and this may be by members of a relevant Change
Control Board for the project, and be authorised by the Sponsor before
implementing the Change.