Just started going through the book etc and reading the various posts, noticed a lot of feedback regarding the content of the answers so would appreciate some feed back on the first sample question in the book from section 3.1, Contexts and Environments.
List and describe five key attributes of project and how they differ from business as usual?
Five key attributes of a project are:
- Projects seek to introduce change into an organisation.
- Projects are constrained by time.
- Projects produce one off, unique deliverables.
- Projects have a defined budget.
- Projects engage temporary specialist teams working with project specific plans and risks.
Differences between project attributes and how they differ from the business as usual operations would be.
- Projects seek to introduce change into an organisation to realise commercial benefits, this may be the building of a new airport terminal that is more energy efficient, has greater floor space than older terminals and better commercial opportunities. Business as usual seeks to maintain standard operational procedures to manage the day to day running of the new terminal such as maintenance and cleaning operations.
- Projects are constrained by time in so much that the product that they are delivering needs to be completed and put into service at some point to allow the benefits to be realised by the end user. Business as usual would then manage the new airport terminal through repetitive operational procedures continuously for the next 50 years.
- Projects produce a one off, unique deliverable such as the new airport terminal. Business as usual provides the same deliverable repeatedly on a daily basis throughout the life cycle of the building e.g. maintaining and cleaning the terminal.
- Projects have an agreed and defined budget to allow delivery of the unique product, business as usual have operational costs which may include staff wages, consumables, equipment and furniture which are all covered from a operational budgets and are all ongoing lifecycle costs.
- Projects engage temporary, specialist teams to deliver specific parts of the project which may include specialist trades people, schedulers, risk managers, costs managers and project managers, all who are only engaged as long as the project requires their specific skills. Business as usual employs specialist staff but on a permanent basis to allow them to manage a new airport terminal for the lifecycle of the building.